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Herkunft des Familiennamens Curiel, Herkunftsland: Spain - France - Italy

Adelsstand: Nobles
Heraldische Spur die Familie: Curiel
Krone des Adels Curiel
Ancient and noble Jewish family, originally from France but with main branches in Spain and Italy, also active in Jewish life in Amsterdam and Hamburg under the name of Nuñez da Costa. The clear nobility of the House is confirmed by its presence in the work of J.B. Rietstap (12 May 1828–24 December 1891), a Dutch heraldist and genealogist, "The Armorial General", a monumental work that contains the blazons of the coats of arms of more than 130,000 European families and in the "Repertorio de blasones de la comunidad hispanica - letras A-B-C-CH" by Vicente De Cadenas y Vicent Instituto Salazar y Castro. In Spain the family flourished nobly since the XV century, if not before, and also had contact with the Portuguese monarchy. The original name was Curiel del Duero in Castile. A certain David Curiel from Avila, who decided to leave Castile in 1492, probably settled in Coimbra,... Fortsetzung folgt

with which the Curiel family became identified. It seems that in Coimbra the family descended from Abigail Curiel, alias Guiomar da Costa, after the forced conversion of 1497. Abigail was kept as a mistress for several years by Jeronimo de Saldanha, a nobleman with some Jewish ancestry, who was the father of a son raised in Coimbra as a Jew or Crypto-Jew. Hence the claim of the Curiel family to Portuguese nobility. Part of the family moved to Lisbon, some escaped from Portugal and reverted to Judaism, others moved to the New World. Several members of the family were tried by the Inquisition in Coimbra. These trials reveal much about the Jewish practices maintained by the family. Several members of the family lived in Covilhã. The departure of the Curiel family from Portugal was the result of indiscreet correspondence between the Jewish branch of the family living in Italy and the Portuguese New Christian branch. Jacob Curies, alias Duarte Nuñez da Costa (1587–1665), born a Marrano in Lisbon, moved via Pisa and Florence to Amsterdam and later to Hamburg. Having made himself useful to members of the royal house of Portugal in Hamburg, he was made Portuguese diplomatic representative. His elder son, Moses (Jerónimo Nuñez da Costa; died 1697), was Portuguese agent in Amsterdam, where he was prominent in the Sephardi community and represented his coreligionists in cases before the Dutch authorities. Jacob's younger son, Solomon (Manoel Nuñez da Costa), succeeded his father in Hamburg. The family held diplomatic positions in both cities until the late 18th century. Family names so old, without any doubt honour not only families but also the cities that welcomed them; seems to be, in fact, very worthy the living members of this family which, with much decorum, carry this noble surname, which has had several illustrious members.


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Familien-Wappen: Curiel

Familien-Wappen Curiel

1 Blasonierung die Familie Curiel

Gules, two dragoon heads or ingullant a bend of the same. On a bordure azure, height cauldrons or.

Source: "Armorial Général par J.B.Rietstap - Deuxième èdition refondue et augmentée - Tome I A-K" page 497.

Familien-Wappen Curiel

2 Blasonierung die Familie Curiel

Gules, two dragoon heads or, langued gules, ingullant a bend or. On a bordure gules, height saltires or.

Source: "Repertorio de blasones de la comunidad hispánica - letras A-B-C-CH Vicente De Cadenas y Vicent Instituto Salazar y Castro", page 559.

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