Angiu is almost unique, Angius instead is very widespread throughout Sardinia, they seem to derive by apheresis from modifications of the Latin term balneum (bath), which would be the origin of nicknames generated by toponyms containing precisely the root that often identified the presence in place of thermal waters. additions provided by Giuseppe Concas ANGIUS: it could mean lamb, from the Latin agnus (see Angiõi etc.). Or it could derive from the Greek voice άγγος (àngos), which means amphora, jug, vessel in general. Or from the Greek verb άγχω (anco) = anguish, anguish (anguish, distress). According to some linguists it derives from bangius> balneum> bathroom, as toponym = place rich in thermal waters, with apheresis of the initial consonant (a phonetic phenomenon frequent in the spoken Sardinian language, but rare in the written one)! We still have doubts about this hypothesis, due to the fact that in ancient maps both as a surname and as a toponym it is reported with the initial "b". When did the "b" fall? In return, the hypothesis of the different linguists could be reflected in the fact that the surname "Bangius" has almost completely disappeared from today's registry. But are we sure that Angius is in his place? And why among the signatories of the Peace of Eleonora, LPDE of 1388, we find the surname Bangius, but also Angiu (see below)? In Sardinia there were 6 inhabited centers, with the name Bangios or Bangiu, today abandoned, but documented in the ancient medieval maps: 1) - Bangios, inhabited village; it was located in Spirito Santo, in the area of Perfugas. In the medieval period it was "villa" - "bidda", belonging to the Curadorìa of Anglona, in the kingdom of Torres, until 1272 it was a private possession of the Dorias. The town was definitively abandoned towards the end of the 1300s and the beginning of the 1400s, probably due to the continuous wars between the arborensis and the Aragonese; 2) - Bangios, abandoned village: it is attested in the medieval documents of Sardinia, but not well located. It belonged to the Curadorìa or Part of Campidano Simaxis or of Oristano, in the judicial kingdom of Arborea. We do not know when it was abandoned, but it is no longer documented since the end of 1300; 3) - Bangiu de Liri, disappeared medieval settlement, was located near the church of Nostra Signora d'Itria in the countryside of Quasìla. The territory is marked by abundant prehistoric and Roman remains, evidently due to the presence of thermal waters. In the medieval period it belonged to the Curadorìa of Trexenta, in the judicial kingdom of Càlari. It then passed to the Aragonese Catalan Kingdom of Sardinia, then it was a possession of the Republic of Pisa overseas, then conquered by the judicial troops of Arborea and again, from 1410, of the Aragonese Catalan Kingdom of Sardinia: at the end of the 15th century the village was uninhabited; 4) - Bangiu, a disappeared village, located in the Laconi area; very little is known about the "villa": it is mentioned in a "quartina rimata" of 1868 by the canon Giovanni Spano: Bangiu and Pardubiore / Sperdidu in mal'amore / Pardubiore and Bangiu Sperdidu in malu prangiu / (from a quotation given by Count Alberto Ferrero della Marmora, in his "Itinerary in the island of Sardinia"); 5) - Bangios, also called Bangios, disappeared village. It was located in the countryside of Uri, in the area known today as Banzos, along the Rio Mannu valley. The town is attested in the Condaghi of San Michele di Salvennor, of San Pietro di Silki and of San Nicola di Trullas. It was abandoned towards the end of the 1300s, probably due to the continuous raids of the Arborean and Aragonese troops, at war for the conquest of the territory; 6) - finally we mention Bangiargia, also known as Bangius, a medieval inhabited settlement. It was located not far from Villa di Chiesa (Iglesias) and was part of the Curadorìa of Cixèrri, in the judicial kingdom of Càlari. Probably due to the continuous wars between the Giudicato of Arborea and the Aragonese Catalan Kingdom of Sardinia, probably in the second half of the XIV its population moved definitively to the nearby centers, among which, Tratalias and Iglesias. In the ancient medieval maps of the language and history of Sardinia the surname is attested in its variants: de Bançu, de Bangius, de Banjos, de Baniu. Among the signatories of the Peace of Eleonora, LPDE of 1388, we find in fact: Bançu (de) Anthonio, ville Ecclesiarum, *** Villa Ecclesiarum ... today's Iglesias. Et ego De Nelli Pelipaparius Ludovicus, civis et habitator terre et Ville Ecclesiarum… sindicus, procurator universitatis Ville Ecclesiarum… seu a Formenyino Joanne, captain, camerlengo Ville Ecclesiarum of Sigerro. Omnibus habitatoribus dicte terre Ville Ecclesiarum, congregatis in the Curia Magna ... in posse Virde Andree, quondam Virde Joannis de Civitate Sasseri ... ninth die januarii 1388; Bangius (de) Petro, jurato villas Busache, * Busache… today's Busachi. Contract Partis Varicati; Bangius (de) Petro, jurato villas Golossane, * Golossane ... village destroyed ... Curatorias of Marghine de Gociano, Bangius (de) Petro, ville Ecclesiarum. But in the LPDE we also find, de Angiu Leonardo, jurato villas Ogiastra, * today's Ollasta Simaxis -Contrate Campitani Simagis. In the Condaghe of San Michele di Salvennor, CSMS, 11th, 13th century, in chapter 191: god in San Miguel Gunnari de Banjos por su alma with voluntat de su muger y de sus hiios on parte de cortinque, how much tenia de tierra y de viña ... (Gunnari de Banjos gives to San Miguel for his soul, with the will of his wife and his children the part of Cortinque locality - how much of land and vineyard) etc. In the Condaghe of Santa Maria di Bonarcado, CSMB, 11th, 13th century, in chapter 28 we find de Baniu Goantine a cleric, mentioned as a witness in a partition of servants between the church of Sanctu Georgii de Calcaria and that of Sanctu Gregorii de Bauladu: Ego Arrigu priore de Sancta Maria de Bonarcadu and Samaridanu servant de Sanctu Georgii de Calcaria, fagemus recordatione ... etc. Among the numerous witnesses is Goantine de Baniu clerigu. In chapter 166 / part 2, again of the CSMB is quoted de Baniu Petru, heads in a partition of servants: (Ego Priore Iohanne) partivi (I divided) cun su piscopu (bishop) de Sancta Iusta fiios de Goantine de Figus et de Iusta Barbis ... among the witnesses there is precisely Pedru de Baniu. In history the most famous of the Angius is Vittorio (1798 - 1862). Collaborated, for the part concerning the territorial kingdom of Sardinia, to the drafting of the geographic, historical, statistical, commercial Dictionary of the States of SM the King of Sardinia, of the abbot prof. Goffredo Casalis. Currently the surname Angius is present in 255 Italian Municipalities, of which 110 in Sardinia: Cagliari 284, Sassari 196, Quartu 129, Terralba 77, Alghero 56, Lanusei 50, Bonorva 49, Isili 45, Guspini 43, etc. In the peninsula it is Rome that has the highest number, with 60; follow: Genoa 31, Milan 29, Turin 26, etc.
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