Arcuri, typical Calabrese, has a stock also in western Sicily, Arcuria, absolutely rare, it could be Sicilian, Arcurio, equally rare, it is certainly southern, Arcuro would seem of the Neapolitan, they could derive from a modification of the Longobard name Arculf, or even from the term arcarius (treasurer, tax collector), but it is more probable that they derive from modifications of the Greek arkouda (bear), traces of this spelling are found in the Diplomatic Code of medieval Lombardy where under the year 1171 it can be read: "... constituerat if soluturum pro ipso Chunrado in Gotefredum qui dicitur de Arcuri de suprascripta civitate intus pretium centum librarum ... "., in the 1600s, in Crotone, we find a certain Nuntiato Arcuri as a representative of the Count of Melissa in the Crotone area. additions provided by Stefano Ferrazzi Arcuri is more typically Sicilian from Calabria, with major stocks in the Cosenza area, Catanzaro, Crotone, Reggio Calabria, Palermo and Agrigento, but with smaller stocks scattered throughout Italy, mostly between the north and the central north, Arcuria, very rare, originates from the Enna area, Arcuro, which is also extremely rare, is predominantly Neapolitan, for Arcurio, almost unique, it is instead very difficult to indicate an exact origin, all these surnames derive from the medieval name Arcurio or Arcudio, which, according to some scholars, is actually a corruption of the original Arcadio, with the meaning of arcade, native or coming from Arcadia (an ancient region of the Peloponnese): the subsequent alteration in Arcudio or Arcurio, instead, it would be due to a phonetic juxtaposition between the ethnic Arkadios and the modern Greek term arkouda, with the meaning of bear. In conclusion, therefore, these are the surnames of the personal names of the founders.
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