Calaresi is almost unique, Calareso, absolutely rare, has a small stock in Messina, Calaresu is specific to Sassari, Alghero, Pozzomaggiore and Sassari, they should all derive from an ethnic dialectal form for Cagliari. additions provided by Giuseppe Concas CALARESU: by Calaris> from Cagliari = calaritanu. We in Campidano say: Casteddaiu> de Casteddu = di Castello> Cagliari. Surname present in the ancient documents of the Sardinian language. We also remember that su calaresu was an ancient Sardinian coin, common to the whole island, also known by the name su calaritanu and in Italian, the Cagliari area, of the value of the sixth part of the Sardinian money, which in turn was the tenth part of lira (the Sardinian lira of the medieval period had a value that was around 500 euros today). In the Condaghe of San Nicola di Trullas, CSNT, 11th, 13th century include: Calaresu Nichola (50), priest, witnesses in a land sale in balle de Mela (the current Badde Mela, southwest of Semestene); Calaresu Mical (67), priest, heads in an exchange of servants. Currently the surname Calaresu is present in 55 Italian Municipalities, of which 20 in Sardinia: Alghero 80, Pozzomaggiore 72, Sassari 47, Macomer 11, Carbonia 11, etc.
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