Calzolari is typical of the area that includes the provinces of Reggio Emilia, Modena, Bologna and Ferrara, Calzolaro is specific to the south-western area of the Salento peninsula, Calzolare is probably due to a transcription error of the previous one, deriving from a nickname originated from the trade of shoemaker . integrations and different hypotheses provided by Giancarlo Calzolari The surname Calzolari is not a nickname derived from the trade of shoemaker but derives its origin, as Fabbri, Speziali and other surnames, from medieval guilds. It is no coincidence that this surname is widespread in the cities where ancient guilds existed. This of course does not exclude that the persons indicated with the surname made shoemakers. An example of a typically professional surname is Calligari, Ciabattini and Ciabattoni, Scarpari and others.
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