Cao is a typical Sardinian surname, from Cagliari and Cagliari, from Monserrato, Selargius, Quartu Sant'Elena and Decimomannu, with a stock also in Villanovafranca in the Medio Campidano, but also has a significant stock in Caneva and Sacile in the Pordenone area. additions provided by Giuseppe Concas CAO: For the meaning and etymology see Cau, but we do not know if the most ancient form is Cao or Cau. Currently the surname Cao is present in 131 Italian Municipalities, of which 40 in Sardinia (Cagliari area): Cagliari 157, Monserrato 42, Selargius 40, Villanovafranca 38, Quartu SE 35, etc. Also in ancient maps it is present in two variants: Cao and Cau. Among the signatories of the Peace of Eleonora, * LPDE of 1388, are: Cao Petro, ville Leunelli (today's Neonelli. Contract Partis Varicati - Barigadu); Cao Raimondo, majore (administrator, mayor) ville Orteddi (* Oroteddi.odierna Orotelli. Curatorie Dore). In contemporary history we remember Cao Umberto (Cagliari 1871 - 1959), intellectual and political. A leading exponent of the regionalist and autonomist movement, as early as 1921 he became one of the ideologues of the Sardinian Action Party. In the same year he was elected Member of Parliament, with Pietro Mastino, Paolo Onano and Emilio Lussu, but in 1924 he declared his adhesion to Fascism.
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