Capezza is specific to the Neapolitan, to Casamicciola Terme, Naples, Gragnano and Pimonte, Capezzi, almost unique, is probably due to errors of transcription of the previous one, Capezzone is typically Lazio, of Roccasecca in the frusinate and of Rome, Capezzoni is practically unique. additions provided by Stefano Ferrazzi The origin of these surnames is to be found in the nickname or medieval name Capezza, which, in the popular idiom, literally means head, head (see Caputo and Testa): from the etymological point of view, in fact, the term capezza is a clear loan of the Spanish cabeza, derived in turn from the Latin low capitia (popular form of caput (head, head)). Having said this, however, it should be noted that sometimes the surnames Capezza, Capezzone, etc could come directly from Spain, that is to say the Italianization of the Spanish surnames Cabeza and Cabezòn (perhaps they are also Jewish-Sephardi surnames): how easy it is to guess , both of these surnames allude to physical or behavioral characteristics of the founders, although, on closer inspection, a relationship with Spanish toponymy is by no means excluded - think of the many Spanish toponyms containing the terms cabeza and cabezòn, such as Cabeza de Campo , Cabeza de Framontanos, Cabezòn de Pisuerga, Cabezòn de la Sierra, etc. A final hypothesis before concluding: although unlikely, it cannot be excluded that some Capezza strain is linked to the noble Capece family, also originating from the Neapolitan (see Capece).
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