Capolei is typical of Rome, Anzio and Marino, always in the Roman province, Capoleoni, very very rare, it would seem specific of the province of Rome, of Rome itself and of Zagarolo (RM), should derive from the medieval name Capoleo, Capoleonis, contracted form of the name Caputleonis (lion's head), traces of these surnames we find for example in the list of the pupils of the University of Perugia where under the year 1596 we find a certain Lelius Capoleo originally from the province of Rome. additions provided by Stefano Ferrazzi The origin of this surname is to be found in the medieval name Capoleone, with the literal meaning of a lion's head, to be understood either in a secular sense (as a symbol of pride, courage) or in a religious sense (as a Christian symbol) . To better understand this last meaning, first of all, it should be remembered that Christian symbolism represents the lion not only as an image of mercy and royalty, but also as a symbol of the Incarnation and Resurrection of Jesus Christ; the reference to the lion's head, moreover, can be explained by the ancient belief according to which all the active qualities of the lion are located in the front part of the body (head, chest and front legs), while the back, always according to this belief , has a simple function of support (anterioribus partibus coelestia refert, posterioribus terram, as the ancient Christian authors claimed). Following this interpretation, then, Christian symbolism attributes to the front of the body the image of the divine nature of Christ and to the rear the symbol of His human nature. Returning to the surname in question, traces of the name Capoleone can be found in Umbria in the 16th century, with the poet Capoleone Ghelfucci (Capoleo Ghelphutius) from Città di Castello (author of religious poems, including Il rosario della Madonna - Heroic poem), but known also within the political sphere, where he held the office of peacemaker, gonfaloniere and prior of the people and, in 1582, also that of councilor of the Quaranta.
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