Capponcelli is specific to San Giovanni in Persiceto in Bologna and to Bologna, Capponcini would seem Roman, Cappone, very very rare, is typical of the northwest, Capponi is typical of the center, with a strong stock in Umbria in Gubbio, Perugia and Terni, but with the main nucleus in Lazio in Rome and San Felice Circeo (LT), should derive, directly or through various hypocoristic forms, from a nickname linked to the profession of breeder or seller of chickens and capons (castrated roosters). additions provided by Giovanni Vezzelli The surname CAPPONI is massively present in the Center and, to a lesser extent, in the North. It lends itself to numerous interpretations which should be clarified from time to time according to the geographical location of its appearance. It could be an augmentative of CAPPA, from the late Latin cappa = hooded cloak, intended as a metonymic word for a trade name (who builds hoods), or even. nickname for those who habitually wore this type of coat as a distinctive sign; it could also be a variant of CAPONE, augmentative of CAPO = head, nickname of who had the big head not in a strictly physical sense, but rather understood as 'arrogant, stubborn', it is also possible a derivation from CAPPONE, from the Latin capone (m ) = rooster castrated as a young man, intended as a derogatory nickname for those betrayed by his wife, or metonymic word for a trade name (who raised poultry). The very few Sicilian, Calabrian and Campanian occurrences could refer to the dialect word capuni = a sea fish.
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