Chessa is typical Sardinian from the north of Sardinia, Chessi, almost unique, is probably due to errors in transcription of the previous one, which could derive from a place name like Chessa scale, but more probably derives from a nickname originated from the word chersa ( mastic). additions provided by Giuseppe Concas CHESSA: mastic (pistacia lentiscus), in Sardinian lentisco. The mastic in the central northern dialects is called chersa or kersa, from the Greek ???????? (Akèrsila). In the Campidanese dialects the lentischio is commonly called sa moddìtzi and derives from the Latin mollis, due to the characteristics of its branches (flexuous). In ancient times oil was obtained from the seeds of lentisks, generally for candles, but also for cooking (it was called the oil of the poor). It is a fairly common surname in Sardinia, since ancient times. Among the signatories of the Peace of Eleonora * LPDE of 1388, we find: Chessa Gonarius - de Aristanni (Oristano); Chessa Petro, villas Silano (today's Silanus - Castri Montis de Verro). In the Condaghe of Santa Maria di Bonarcado, * CSMB, 11th, 13th century, is present in the forms Cersa and Kersa: Cersa Comita, cleric (190), heads in a donation to the churches of San Giorgio and San Simeone -. donarunt ad sanctu Iorgi et ad sanctu Simione, pro love of Deus et de sancta Maria et pro anima issòro (for their soul) and dessos parentes (and their relatives); Kersa Taniel (28), heads in a division of servants, between the churches of San Giorgio di Calcaria and that of San Gregorio di Bauladu (fagemus recordatione de serbos set ankillas c'aviat sanctu Georgici de Calcaria cun sanctu Gregorii de Bauladu.). In the Condaghe of San Nicola di Trullas, * CSNT XI °, XIII ° sec. we find: Kersa Dorbeni K. minor (246). It sells vineyard in Scanu: comporaili to Dorbeni Kersa minor IIII sollos de binia in Iscanu; et deivili I caballu arçu, caput a caput. (I bought from Dorbeni Kersa.4 vineyard money (see a yoke of oxen was worth 8 money), I gave him an arçu horse (on whose meaning and etymology still exists uncertainty: balzano - Wagner, reddish, from Italian arso, GSA, from varius and therefore mottled according to others, etc.), what interests us most is to know that a horse (prob. of race), was worth half of a yoke of oxen (see * CSNT 4,6,23, etc.). Elene Cersa (var. of Kersa -213), donates a penny of vineyard Gosantine Cersa (110), gives a land (to San Nocola) for the 'soul of the mother. (positinke I terra pro anima de sa mama (sic) in monticlu de Subiles: termen a sa de clesia (on the hill of Subiles bordering the lands of the church). In * CSNT, they are also named: Gosantine Cersa (different from the previous one); Ianne Cersa, brother of Iusta; Iusta Cersa; Petru Cersa. Currently the surname Chessa is present in 417 Italian Municipalities, of which 145 in Sardinia, with greater diffusion to central north: Sassari 894, Cagliari 208, Alghero 170, Nuoro 164, P. Torres 76, Olbia 87, etc. On the continent it is Rome that has the highest number of Chessa, with 248; in the USA it is present in 9 states, mostly with only one family per person.
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