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CORONA | CORONELLA | CORONELLI | CORONELLO

Corona is present a little all over Italy, it has strains with different origins, in Sardinia, in the Taranto area, in Campania and in the Palermo area, Coronella has a stock in the Caserta and Naples areas and one in the Catania and Syracuse areas, Coronelli has a stock in the Bari area. Triggiano and Capurso, Coronello, absolutely rare, would appear to be from Campania, they should derive, directly or through hypocorisms, from the term crown as a governing body, a bit like a judge or baglio or capitaneo, but it is also possible a derivation from the Spanish term coronel (colonel ), perhaps to indicate that the progenitors belonged to the military hierarchy, whether in a joking tone to characterize their behavior, in Trentino it could derive from toponyms such as Mezzacorona (TN), and so on. We find traces of these surnames in Solofra (AV) in the second half of the 1400s with a certain Nardello de Corona. additions provided by Giuseppe Concas CORONA: means crown and comes from the Latin corona, from the Greek ?????? (Crowns). It is a surname spread throughout Italy, in 857 Municipalities, of which 139 in Sardinia: Cagliari 308, Maracalagonis 189, Quartu 149, Selargius 94. In the peninsula: Rome has 389, Palermo 230, Milan 141, Turin 137, Naples 135, etc. etc. It is a term used in many expressions: a wreath of flowers; the laurel wreath of the poets and formerly of the victorious generals in Rome; the (golden) crown of the king, or by metonymy the sovereign himself; the crown of the friars, Franciscans and Dominicans, which defines the tonsure; a group of people arranged in a circle; and many others. But in the medieval history of Sardinia the word Corona, with a capital letter, takes on special meanings. In the judicial kingdoms of Càlari, Torres, Gallura and Arborea and also in the subsequent Catalan-Aragonese Kingdom of Sardinia, "Sa Corona", was a judicial assembly and was so called because in the beginning, the judges met in a circle. In the Carta de Logu, by Arborea (the first collection of laws written in Sardinian, in 198 chapters; written by order of Mariano IV and issued in 1392 by his daughter Eleonora), there are 5 active Coronas, with different functions: "Sa Corona "de Mayori de Villa; it is a territorial, judicial and administrative court, formed by a jury, chaired by the Mayori de Villa (administrator, mayor), composed of jurors, whose number varies according to the size of the Villa, ie the number of inhabitants. The Corona de Mayori de Villa did not meet on Sundays or on other holidays. The "Corona" de Portu ,: court of 4 members, presided over by an official of the kingdom, the Mayori de Portu, who had supervision over the products on the market; punished fraud, set the right price for goods, inspected weights and measures; did not meet on holidays. The "Corona de Kita de Berrùda, was undoubtedly a military court. The Kita de Berrùda was in fact made up of a guardhouse or rather a real garrison of" lieros de caballu "(armed men, equipped with horses, trained to the battle and of "berrùda", typical weapon of the "lieros" (free men), which was constituted by a long rod, generally of wood, with the metallic tip. The "Corona" de Curatore: it was a court composed of about 5 "Curators"> magistrates for judicial, criminal and civil cases, but who also had the task of electing the magistrates of the Corona de Logu, who was the Major Court of the Kingdom, who intervened in the most important cases, this being presided over directly by the Judge. The "Corona" de Armentario de Logu; when the Corona de Logu was presided over by the highest official (after the Judge) of the kingdom: usually for administrative and economic cases. The "Crowns", all, did not meet on holidays . Crown , as a surname it is present in the ancient documents of the Sardinian language. Among the signatories of the Peace of Eleonora, LPDE of 1388, are: Corona (de) Andrea, ville Ville Longe (* Ville Longe.Villalonga: destroyed. Campitani Majoris); Corona (de) Benedicto, Lunamadrona villas (* Lunamadrona. Today Lunamatrona. Contrate Marmille); Corona (de) Joanne, villa Solgono (* Solgono.odierno Sorgono. Mandrolisay and Barbagia di Belvì); Corona (de) Mursino, villas Ville Longe. In the Condaghe of Santa Maria di Bonarcado, CSMB, XI °, XIII °, there are: Corona (de) Micale (214), and Corona (de) Orzocco (150). In contemporary history we cite Corona Armando (known Armandino): (Villaputzu - 1921. Ca), political; President of the Council of the Autonomous Region of Sardinia; regional councilor; president of Italian Freemasonry; graduated in medicine and surgery at the Faculty of Medicine of Cagliari. He practiced as a doctor until 1969; after which he dedicated himself to entrepreneurial and political activity.

Bibliographic source' "L'origine dei cognomi Italianim storia ed etimologia" di E. Rossoni disponibile online su: https://archive.org/


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Coronello
Nobles: Italia
Nobility: Nobili
Language of the text: Italiano

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