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Crocianelli is specific to Rome, Crociani is typical of Forlì, Cesena, Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio, Crociano is almost unique, Crucianelli is typical of the area that includes Ancona, Macerata and Perugia, with presence in the Roman area, Cruciani is typical of the central area which includes Marche, Umbria, Lazio and Abruzzo, Cruciano, absolutely rare and specific to Sannicandro Garganico in the Foggia area, derive, directly or through a hypocoristic, from the medieval name Crucianus of which we have an example in the Grosseto area in 1500: "... Hoc Dominicus Johannetti Sindicus, Crucianus Antonelli, Jacobus Venturi and Bernardinus Chain Priores Comitatis Orbetelli admirati cum ineo genre officij ... ", traces of these surnames give them in Ancona in the second half of 1600 in a case where the actor is a certain Sante Cruciano. additions provided by Cruciano Giallombardo The Nome Cruciano is still widely used for example in Sicily and, in particular, in Montemaggiore Belsito (PA). The meaning of this name is bearer of the cross, the Saint is celebrated on May 3 and September 14, in correspondence with the celebrations of the Holy Cross.

Bibliographic source' "L'origine dei cognomi Italianim storia ed etimologia" di E. Rossoni disponibile online su: https://archive.org/

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