The Abbess, absolutely rare, seems to be typically Calabrese, Labadessa, very very rare, is southern, should derive from the name of Badessa, a fraction of Cosenza.
The Bank, the less widespread of the two, has the main stock in the Potentino area, in Latronico, Lauria and Terranova di Pollino, but it also has a small stock in Cassano allo Ionio in the Cosenza area, Labanca is specific to the Potentino, Lauria, Rivello, Lagonegro , Terranova di Pollino, Moliterno, Latronico, Castelluccio Inferiore and Superiore, and Nemoli, La Banchi, very very rare, is of the Neapolitan, all these surnames should derive from names of localities or districts containing the root Banca or Banchi.
Barbera would appear to be specific to western Sicily, where it is widespread, the extremely rare variant La Barbiera, typical of Palermo, Bolognetta and Palermo, should both derive from a nickname linked to the barber trade or a female progenitor who did that profession.
It could have more stocks, the most consistent in Lazio, in the province of Agrigento and in that of Vibo Valenza, it derives from the medieval name Bella.
La Bianca has stocks in all of Sicily, especially in the Palermo area of Bagheria, Palermo and Ficarazzi, but it also has stocks in the Syracuse, Catania, Messina, Enna and Trapani areas, including an Apulian stock, in particular in the Bari area of Giovinazzo and Foggia , and one in Prata Sannita in the Caserta area, Labianca is decidedly Apulian, from Bitonto, Bari, Giovinazzo, Gravina di Puglia, Trani, Barletta and Adelfia in the Bari area, and Trinitapoli, Foggia and San Ferdinando di Puglia in the Foggia area, should be families of Jewish origins, dating back to the 15th century, in many cases converted to Catholicism, dedicated to textile handicrafts, and in particular to bleaching and bleaching of fabrics, from this kind of activity should have taken their surname, but in some cases could also derive from names of districts containing the white root, where the progenitors probably resided or had originated.
Both La Bionda and La Biunda, absolutely rare, are Sicilian, the suffix A- should have matronymic value and be understood as referring to the son of or of, referring to progenitors who were the sons of a blonde of hair, or whose name was Bionda di nome .
The Caita, almost unique, should be a variant of the more cune Lacaita, which is typically Apulian tarantino, in particular of Torricella, with presences also in Lizzano and Manduria and in Brindisi, and which should be of Albanian origin and derive from a nickname grecanico with the meaning of reliable, sincere.
The Chain, extremely rare, has a small stock in the Neapolitan and Pugliese one that is probably due to errors of transcription of Lacatena that is typically Pugliese, of the Bari area above all, of the Tarentino and of the Brindisi, Integrations provided by Stefano Ferrazzi The origin of these surnames is to be found in the medieval name Catena, which, in the Christian context, alludes to the cult of the Madonna della Catena (for a more detailed explanation, see the surname Catena). In conclusion, therefore, we are dealing with the surnames of personal names of the founders, even if in some cases a derivation from nicknames attributed to them is not excluded.
Both from Puglia, La Cavalla has a very small stock in San Severo in the Foggia area and some presence in Bisceglie in the Bari area, Lacavalla, more widespread, is typical of Barletta and Bisceglie in the Bari area, should derive from nicknames attributed perhaps to a mares merchant to a stable attendant.
The Chiana, which is absolutely rare, seems to be specific to Campobello Di Mazara in the Trapani area, it should derive from the archaic dialectal term la chiana (the plateau, the plain), we find traces of this co-domination between the second half of the 1500s and the first of 1600 with the priest of the Society of Jesus, mathematician and writer Girolamo La Chiana of which we remember among other things the epigrams.
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