All decidedly Sardinian, Pitzolo, practically unique, is from Sassari, Pitzolu has a stock in Macomer in Nuoro and in Nuoro, and one in Santu Lussurgiu in Oristano and Cagliari, Pizzolu, almost unique, has some presence in Cagliari and Sassari. additions provided by Giuseppe Concas PITZOLU; PIZZOLU; PITZOLO: there is a distinction to make: pìtzolu has a very specific meaning, pitzòlu has another, completely different. Pìtzolu in fact has the meaning of petiole, small: small money and comes from the ancient Tuscan picciolo = Florentine coin, which was the fourth part of the money; or it can also derive from the Italian spicciolo, with the meaning of coin of little value. Pitzòlu instead is the diminutive of pitzu = layer, stratum etc. and has the meaning of a thin layer, such as the skin of the body or the shell of the egg, which in Campidano we also call pilloncu or cròxu. So the meaning depends on the tonic accent and the pronunciation. Meanwhile, the surname, regardless of the pronunciation and meaning and its variants, is present in medieval and modern papers of the language and history of Sardinia. Among the signatories of the Peace of Eleonora, LPDE, dated 1388, we have: Piciolu Molenteddu, ville de Sardara, ** SARDARA MONTIS REGALIS ... 11 JANUARY 1388, et ego ... Gadulesu Margiano habitator velle Sardara, sindicus actor et procurator universitatis Contract Montis Regalis et villarum et etc. In posse Virde Andrea, Virde Joanne, de Civitate Sasseri, public notarii, die XI Januarii 1388; Piçòlu Joanne, ville Ecclesiarum. ** Villa Ecclesiarum.odierno Iglesias. Et ego De Nelli Pelipaparius Ludovicus, civis et habitator terre et Ville Ecclesiarum.sindicus, procurator universitatis Ville Ecclesiarum.seu a Formenyino Joanne, captain, chamberlain Ville Ecclesiarum of Sigerro. Omnibus habitatoribus dicte terre Ville Ecclesiarum, congregatis in the Curia Magna.in posse Virde Andree, quondam Virde Joannis de Civitate Sasseri.nona die januarii 1388. Still in medieval history, we remember Pitzolu Giovanni, citizen of Villa di Chiesa (Iglesias), who, during the resumption of the war between the Giudicato of Arborea and the Catalan Aragonese spider of Sardinia, at the time of the assault of the judicial troops to the city, on 3 October 1391, saved the royal (Aragonese) banner, hiding it in his house. In medieval documents, Pizzolo Guantino is often mentioned, who was bishop of the diocese of Dolia, now disappeared, of the judicial kingdom of Càlari, from 1206 to 1226. Of the Modern Age we remember Pitzolo Girolamo, lawyer, general financier of the Kingdom of Sardinia , in the Savoy period (Cagliari 1747 - 1795). He was head of the troops that in 1793 resisted the onslaught of the French fleet to the city of Cagliari. During the Cagliari - Castello revolt of 1795, Pitzolo, involved in a plot hatched by his political opponents, was shot dead. Currently the surname Pitzolu is present in 33 Italian Municipalities, of which 18 in Sardinia: Macomer 33, Santu Lussurgiu 13, Nuoro 11, etc. The surname Pizzolu is present in 3 Sardinian Municipalities: Sestu, Cagliari and Tresnuraghes, all with a single family nucleus. The surname Pitzolo is present in only two Municipalities: Sassari 6, Alghero 2.
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