Sapienza would seem typically Sicilian, with significant presences also in the Potentino, in Puglia and Campania. Integrations provided by Stefano Ferrazzi The origin of this surname must be sought in the medieval name Sapienza, which, together with its Greek equivalent Sofia, often assumes a religious value (precisely of Christianity): counted both among the seven gifts of the Spirit Holy that among the four cardinal virtues, wisdom is described as the ability to see everything in the light of God, so as to be able to distinguish the true from false and good from evil. As for the surname in question, therefore, it is about the cognization of the personal names of the ancestor.
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