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Tartaglia is typical of southern Italy, Campania, Molise and Foggia in particular, Tartagli, very rare, it would seem of the Florentine, Tartaglini has a strain in the Anconetano in Castelfidardo and Ancona and a Roman, Tartaglino is decidedly Dell'astigiano, San Damiano d'asti, Vigliano d'asti and Asti, with a strain also in Turin, Tartaglione is typical of the area that includes the Iserniese, the Neapolitan and the Caserta especially the area of marcianise, with strains also in the Foggiano, should derive from a nickname Originated from a speech defect. Additions provided by Stefano Ferrazzi The origin of these surnames must be sought in the medieval name Tartaglia, with the literal meaning of stutterer (see also the surnames Balbo, Biagio and Ciavaglia). From the historical point of view, traces of this name are found both in Siena in the course of ' 200, with a merchant named Tartaglia da Orgiale, both in Umbria during the ' 400, with the leader Tartaglia from Foligno; In the Rome of 1400, there is also a certain Tavernaro Tartaglia. As regards the last names in question, therefore, these are the cognominizations or personal names of the parent or nicknames attributed to them. Additions provided by Tommaso Tartaglione the surname Tartaglione is present in Marcianise since 1395 with a Cubellus Tartallonnus (Giacomo Tartaglione) as reported by the historian Capuano Jannelli. Most likely Marcianise is the center of origin of this surname.

Bibliographic source' "L'origine dei cognomi Italianim storia ed etimologia" di E. Rossoni disponibile online su: https://archive.org/

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