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Cefala and Cefalini are practically unique, Cefali, very rare has a stock in Rome, a small stock in Catanzaro and Cortale in the Catanzaro area and one in Palermo and Messina, Cefalone, absolutely rare, it seems to be from Caserta, Cefaloni is specific to Ripi nel frusinate. additions provided by Stefano Ferrazzi The origin of these surnames is to be found in the medieval name Cephalus, the Italianization of the Greek personal Kefalos, which, taken from the Greek kefàli, literally means head, head (see Cefalà and Testa): in ancient onomastics , in hindsight, the name Cefalo most probably refers to Greek mythology, where the character of Cephalus is at the center of a tragic love story with his wife Procri - to be precise, however, it must be added that Cefalus was also the name of several historical figures who lived in the ancient world, among whom, for example, we can mention Cephalus of Syracuse, father of the orator Lisia and of the philosophers Polemarch and Eutidemo. That said, however, it should be noted that in the specific case of the surnames Cefala and Cefali a derivation from the surnames Cefalà and Cefalì is not excluded, which, in the south of Italy, belong to either the grika tradition or the Arvanite surnames from Greece (for a more detailed explanation, see Cefalà). In conclusion, therefore, it is a question of the surnames or personal names of the founders or nicknames attributed to them - as far as can be proposed, instead, a connection with Greek toponymy is rather unlikely.