Calonaci is a very rare surname, specific to Tuscany, from the Florentine in particular with strains in Livorno and Siena, Calonici, also very rare, is typically Emilian, Calonico instead, a little more widespread has a stock in the Cosenza area, in particular to San Sosti, one in the Salerno area, one in Cerignola in the Foggia area and rare presence here and there in the north, derive from the medieval Tuscan word calonaca (canonical), or from the archaic term calonico (canonic, cleric), the term calonaci was used ad example in Florence from Giovanni Villani in his Nuova Cronica: "... defeated the bishop and his people, and died the sire of Falcamonte, and more other kind men and of the calonaci, and of the one part and the other .. . "or even in Pisa, where in the state archive we read:" ... Domino Rinaldo from Riva di Mantova power one year, 1279. He was called to the calonaci of Pisa archiveschovo of Pisa ... "and to Lucca:" ... The year of .MCCXIIII Ingherame da Porcari was podesta of Luccha against the voluntà of the great men ... ... Then came the calonaci with the crosses and with the holy relics for defentione of the old Podestà. And on that day, Ingherame announced that no meeting should take place except on his advice ... ".
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