A typical southern Sardinian in particular, it derives from a nickname linked to the Campidanese word abis (api), probably originating from the profession of beekeeper. additions provided by Giuseppe Concas ABI / S - APIS: Ape / i. From the Latin apis. Widespread in Sardinia, in 62 of 377 Municipalities, in the form Abis. Thus and in the Apis variant, we find it also in ancient documents. Among the signatories of the peace of Eleonora of 1388 we find: Abis (de) Joanne, ville Mogoro; Apis Comita, Mahara villas (Mahara - Barbaraquesa. Arbarei - today's Villamar. Contrate Marmille). In the Con Daghe of San Nicola di Trullas, * CSNT -XI ° XII ° sec. to the chap. 80.1, we find Ape Rustikellu and Ape Jannico, brothers, witnesses of a quarrel (kertidu: certarun mecu.) Between the prior of the Sanctuary and the inhabitants of three villages, Mularia, Orticale and Gitil for the possession of the lands of Sanctu Antipatre. Actual: ABE is present in 10 Italian Municipalities, many of which are Lombard; absent in Sardinia. ABIS is present in 109 Municipalities, with greater diffusion in Sardinia; followed by Lombardy, Piedmont, Lazio (Rome). The last name APIS is present only in 4 Municipalities of the Marche.
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